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jueves, 28 de abril de 2011

Notion of hegemony and post-Marxist theory of discourse. Notes


Noé Hernández Cortez

In 1985 the left tradition in Europe was in crisis. As discussed Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe (1987), the only consistent political proposal at the time was left Eurocommunism. The left thought in the Marxist tradition to build a new political and ideological map to guide the actions of the supporters on the left. In terms of Laclau and Mouffe was relevant to draw a course of socialist strategy. In this context both authors undertake a reading in terms of the concept of genealogy as we understand Michel Foucault (Foucault, 1971), a reading of historical criticism of the Marxist tradition that would revolve around the construction of the meaning of the concept of hegemony, concept would think the world of politics under new conditions of possibility of this concept, this argument is structured keeping in mind a critique of the political conception of Louis Althusser.

In that sense, the genealogy of the concept of hegemony that Laclau and Mouffe draw a route on the theoretical moments of their development through the thought of Rosa Luxemburg, Kautsky, Thomas Masaryk, Plekhanov, up to Gramsci (Laclau and Mouffe, 1987). Note that this reading of hegemony is being constituted on the basis of the theory of discourse that make both authors, where they state that the concept of hegemony as a framework is now unstable and that meaning becomes relevant to explain the subjectivity and identity politics. In brief, we note that the philosophical horizon that can build both authors trace the significance of the new categories of post-Marxist theory of discourse.

Foucault, Michel (1971), Nietzsche, Genealogy, History”, en Hommage à Hyppolite, París: Presses Universitaires de France, pp. 145-172.
Laclau, Ernesto y Chantal Mouffe (1987), Hegemonía y estrategia socialista. Hacia una radicalización de la democracia, Madrid: Siglo XXI

Mexico City, Thursday, April 28, 2011.

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